Physical properties of liquid iron-alloy under high pressure: Implications to planetary core

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Physical properties of liquid iron-alloy under high pressure control the planetary core formation, evolution and its dynamics. In this review paper, high pressure behaviors of some physical properties (viscosity, wetting property and interfacial tension) are discussed and applied to the planetary core. The viscosities of Fe-S and Fe-C liquids measured using X-ray radiography falling sphere method up to 16 GPa show low viscosity values (∼10 mPa-s) and the activation volume of viscous flow is also very small (∼1.5 cm 3/mol). The influence of light elements on the viscosity and the activation volume has only a minor contribution. Dihedral angle, i.e. wetting property of Fe-S-O liquid among mantle minerals is mainly controlled by an interfacial energy of liquid iron-alloy and not by that of solid phase. The effect of light elements on interfacial tension of Fe-S and Fe-P liquids measured using sessile drop method depends on element species. Sulphur corresponds to a surface-active element. The trend observed at high pressure is quite consistent with those at ambient pressure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)156-162
Number of pages7
JournalReview of High Pressure Science and Technology/Koatsuryoku No Kagaku To Gijutsu
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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