Physiology and biochemistry of aluminum toxicity and tolerance in crops

Anjali Aggarwal, Bunichi Ezaki, Ashok Munjal, Bhumi Nath Tripathi

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    14 Citations (Scopus)


    Achieving sustainable food production to feed the increasing population of the problematic lands of the world is an enormous challenge. Aluminum (Al) toxicity in the acid soil is a major worldwide problem. Liming and nutrient management technologies are worthless due to high lime requirement, and the effect of liming does not persist for long. Besides this, conventional breeding is useful to manage Al toxicity as some plants have evolved mechanisms to cope with Al toxicity in acid soil. Therefore, understanding of Al tolerance mechanisms is prime necessity for improving Al tolerance in crops. Al resistance mechanisms include mainly Al avoidance (Al exclusion) and/or Al tolerance (detoxification of Al inside the cell) mechanisms. In this chapter, we summarize Al behavior in plant root cell. We include recent findings of Al resistance mechanisms and Al-resistant genes which can be useful to produce cultivars adapted to acid soils.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationStress Responses in Plants
    Subtitle of host publicationMechanisms of Toxicity and Tolerance
    PublisherSpringer International Publishing
    Number of pages23
    ISBN (Electronic)9783319133683
    ISBN (Print)9783319133676
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015


    • Acid soil
    • Al-resistant genes
    • Target sites of A1 toxicity

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
    • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
    • Medicine(all)
    • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)


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