Post-prostate biopsy acute bacterial prostatitis and screening cultures using selective media: An overview

Herik Acosta, Takuya Sadahira, Takanori Sekito, Yuki Maruyama, Takehiro Iwata, Motoo Araki, Kohei Ogawa, Ichiro Tsuboi, Koichiro Wada

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The development of several culture media and the availability to isolate and treat pathogens prior to a surgical procedure give us the ability to minimize treatment-related complications, and ultimately results in better outcomes for patients and avoidance of unwanted post-procedure inpatient admissions. In the last decade, an increasing incidence of multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli, especially extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing E. coli and fluoroquinolone-resistant pathogens, has been reported. These resistant species frequently colonize the rectal flora and gain access to the systemic circulation via the rectal plexus following a prostate biopsy. The bacteria can eventually lead to life-threatening complications, which is especially important in high-risk patients with multiple co-morbidities. Previously published studies have focused on the isolation of these pathogens with selective media before an invasive procedure and the potential benefits of incorporating the use of selective media as a mandatory pre-operative step. This preventive measure will allow us to offer a tailored prophylactic treatment that benefits patients and reduces the economic burden for the hospital.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)486-493
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Urology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022


  • biopsy
  • culture
  • prostatitis
  • screening
  • selective medium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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