Potentiation of neurogenesis and angiogenesis by G-CSF after focal cerebral ischemia in rats

Yoshihide Sehara, Takeshi Hayashi, Kentaro Deguchi, Hanzhe Zhang, Atsushi Tsuchiya, Toru Yamashita, Violeta Lukic, Makiko Nagai, Tatsushi Kamiya, Koji Abe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)


Recently, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is expected to demonstrate beneficial effects on cerebral ischemia. Here, we showed the potential benefit of G-CSF administration after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO). Adult male Wistar rats received vehicle or G-CSF (50 μg/kg) subcutaneously after reperfusion, and were treated with 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU, 50 mg/kg) once daily by the intraperitoneal route for 3 days after tMCAO. Nissl-stained sections at 7 days after tMCAO showed significant reduction of the infarction area (31%, P < 0.01). At 7 days after tMCAO, BrdU plus NeuN double-positive cells increased by 43.3% in the G-CSF-treated group (P < 0.05), and BrdU-positive endothelial cells were increased 2.29 times in the G-CSF-treated group, to a level as high as that in the vehicle-treated group (P < 0.01), in the periischemic area. Our results indicate that G-CSF caused potentiation of neuroprotection and neurogenesis and is expected to have practical therapeutic potential in treating individuals after ischemic brain injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)142-149
Number of pages8
JournalBrain Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Sept 4 2007


  • Angiogenesis
  • Colony-stimulating factor
  • Granulocyte
  • Neurogenesis
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology


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