Purple sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus nudus) gonad was treated separately with neutral protease, papain, pepsin and trypsin. The resultant hydrolysates were fractionated using a series of ultrafiltration membranes (molecular weight cut-offs of 10, 5, 3 and 1 kDa). Five fractions were prepared from each hydrolysate and the corresponding molecular weight ranges were below 10 kDa, 5-10 kDa, 3-5 kDa, 1-3 kDa and below 1 kDa. The peptide fractions were evaluated for antioxidant activity by using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay and reducing power assay. Results indicated that all peptide fractions possessed DPPH radical scavenging capacity and reducing power in a dose-dependent manner. For all four hydrolysates, the below 1 kDa fractions exhibited the highest DPPH radical scavenging capacity. The below 1 kDa fractions prepared with neutral protease, papain and pepsin, and the 1-3 kDa fraction prepared with trypsin showed the highest reducing capacity among corresponding hydrolysates.
- Antioxidant activity
- Sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus nudus)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science