Prevalence and predictive factors of depression and anxiety in patients with pancreatic cancer: A longitudinal study

Nobuya Akizuki, Ken Shimizu, Mariko Asai, Tomohito Nakano, Takuji Okusaka, Kazuaki Shimada, Hironobu Inoguchi, Masatoshi Inagaki, Maiko Fujimori, Tatsuo Akechi, Yosuke Uchitomi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: It is known that depression and anxiety occur more frequently in pancreatic cancer patients than in those with other malignancies. However, few studies have assessed depression and anxiety using reliable psychiatric diagnostic tools. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of depression and anxiety among pancreatic cancer patients before and 1 month after the start of anticancer treatment using reliable psychiatric diagnostic tools, and to identify factors that predict their occurrence. Methods: Pancreatic cancer patients were consecutively recruited. Structured clinical interviews were used to determine the presence of affective disorders, anxiety disorders and adjustment disorders. Baseline interviews were performed prior to initiation of anticancer treatment, while follow-up interviews were performed 1 month after treatment was started. Medical, demographic and psychosocial backgrounds were also assessed as predictive factors. Results: One hundred and ten patients participated in the baseline interview and 91 in the follow-up interview. Depression and anxiety were observed in 15 patients (13.6%) at the baseline, and 15 patients (16.5%) at the follow-up. Lack of confidants was associated with depression and anxiety at the baseline. At the baseline, sadness, lower Karnofsky Performance Status and prior experience with the death of a family member due to cancer predicted newly diagnosed depression and anxiety at the follow-up. Conclusion: A considerable percentage of pancreatic cancer patients experienced depression and anxiety. Multidimensional psychosocial predictive factors were found and optimal psychological care should incorporate early detection of sadness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-77
Number of pages7
JournalJapanese journal of clinical oncology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016


  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Pancreatic neoplasms
  • Prevalence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research


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