Prolongation of residence time of liposome by surface-modification with mixture of hydrophilic polymers

Tamer Shehata, Ken ichi Ogawara, Kazutaka Higaki, Toshikiro Kimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

115 Citations (Scopus)


The objective of this study is to evaluate the biodistribution characteristics of liposomes surface-modified with the mixture of polyethylene glycol (PEG) and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) as a drug carrier for passive targeting of drugs. The liposomes (egg phosphatidylcholine:cholesterol = 55:40, molar ratio) modified with both PEG and PVA (4:1 molar ratio) (PEG4%/PVA1% liposome) provided the largest AUC, which could be attributed to the smallest hepatic clearance of the liposomes. The liver perfusion studies clearly indicated that lower hepatic disposition of PEG4%/PVA1% liposome was ascribed to the decrease in its hepatic uptake via receptor-mediated endocytosis. Furthermore, the amounts of whole serum proteins and of opsonins such as complement C3 and immunoglobulin G adsorbed on PEG4%/PVA1% liposome were significantly smaller than those on the liposome solely modified with PEG (PEG5% liposome). On the other hand, several proteins were adsorbed at larger amount on PEG4%/PVA1% liposome than PEG5% liposome, and the protein identification by LC-MS/MS suggested that some of those proteins including albumin might function as dysopsonins. The decrease in the adsorbed amount of several opsonins and the increase in the adsorbed dysopsonins would be responsible for its lower affinity to the liver and long residence in the systemic circulation of PEG4%/PVA1% liposome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)272-279
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Jul 9 2008


  • Dysopsonins
  • Opsonins
  • PEG liposome
  • Pharmacokinetics
  • Polyvinyl alcohol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science


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