Prominent redox feature of copper ion exchanged in ZSM-5-type zeolite

Yasushige Kuroda, Ryotaro Kumashiro, Mahiko Nagao

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The redox features of copper ion exchanged in ZSM-5 were investigated in both evacuation-oxidation-re-evacuation and evacuation-hydration-re-evacuation processes. The XANES and ESR spectra clearly indicated the conversion of Cu(II) ion exchanged in ZSM-5 into Cu(I) with increasing evacuation temperatures. The ability of Cu(I) formed to undergo a complete oxidation with O 2 at 673K was certified and succeeding reduction process by heat treatment in vacuo was examined. Adsorbed amounts of CO and N 2 at 298K are scarcely changed for the samples evacuated at 873K before and after O 2 treatment. The extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectrum exhibited a band centered at around 2.2Å through the exposure of the CuZSM-5 sample evacuated at 873K to water vapor. This band was assigned to the backscattering from the first nearest copper metal, indicating the formation of small metal particles. The production of the divalent copper ion was also evidenced by the ESR data. These results suggest that the Cu(I) species formed in the evacuation process are transformed into the Cu(II) species and metal particles; the disproportionation reaction occurs, 2Cu(I) → Cu(II) + Cu(0). As the results, it is concluded that the redox process between Cu(II) and Cu(I) is completely reproducible in the evacuation-oxidation-re-evacuation process and this is the key process in the catalytic decomposition of nitric oxides on CuZSM-5: the high stability of Cu(I) in ZSM-5. In addition, one of the causes of the poisoning by water adsorption in catalytic decomposition of NO x may be due to the release of Cu(I) in ZSM-5 through the disproportionation reaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)408-422
Number of pages15
JournalApplied Surface Science
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 15 2002
Event4th International Symposium effects of Surface Hetrogeneity in Adsorption and Catalysis on Solids (ISSHAC IV) - Krakow, Poland
Duration: Aug 27 2001Aug 31 2001


  • Copper ion-exchanged ZSM-5-type zeolite
  • Disproportionation reaction
  • NO decomposition activity
  • Redox reaction cycle of copper ion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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