Proximity Effect-Induced Superconductivity and NMR Relaxation in Nb-Cu Multilayers

Guo Qing Zheng, Yoshio Kitaoka, Yasukage Oda, Kunisuke Asayama, Yoshihisa Obi, Hiroyasu Fujimori, Ryozo Aoki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


The nuclear spin lattice relaxation rate, T1-l, for 63Cu in zero field from 8 K down to 0.3 K, has been measured in Nb-Cu multilayered thin films where both the Nb- and Cu-layer thicknesses are much smaller compared to the coherence lengths. A BCS-like temperature dependence of T1-1 replaced gradually by a Korringa-law-like one at low temperatures has been found. A dependence of the relaxation on the Cu-layer thickness at low temperatures has also been found. It has been proposed and confirmed by a series of experiments that superconductivity in the Cu-layer induced by the proximity effect has an anisotropic energy gap, reflecting the geometrical feature of a thin film.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)599-607
Number of pages9
Journaljournal of the physical society of japan
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1991
Externally publishedYes


  • 63Cu NMR
  • Nb-Cu
  • energy gap
  • spin-lattice relaxation rate
  • superconducting multilayers
  • superconducting proximity effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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