Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is defined as a new episode of acute lung injury (ALI) occurring during transfusion or within 6 hours of transfusion completion. A 66-year-old man suffering from acute myeloid leukemia developed acute respiratory distress syndrome after platelet transfusion. TRALI was diagnosed clinically, but an autopsy showed leukemic cells in diffuse pulmonary edema. Anti-human neutrophil antigen (HNA)-3a antibodies were detected in the donor serum, and the HNA-3 genotype of the patient was identified as a/a. This case was considered to represent pulmonary involvement of acute myeloid leukemia, rather than TRALI. A revision of the definition of TRALI accounting for hematological malignancies should therefore be considered.
- Acute myeloid leukemia
- Transfusion-related acute lung injury
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine