Purification and molecular characterization of a truncated-type Ara h 1, a major peanut allergen: oligomer structure, antigenicity, and glycoform

Asaduzzaman Md, Megumi Maeda, Teruaki Matsui, Yoshihiro Takasato, Komei Ito, Yoshinobu Kimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Peanut allergies are among the most severe food allergies, and several allergenic proteins referred to as Ara h 1-Ara h 17 have been identified from peanut seeds. The molecular characterization of Ara h 1 (63 kDa), a glycosylated allergen, has almost been completed, and the occurrence of two homologous genes (clone 41B and clone P17) has been identified. In this study, we found a new variant of Ara h 1 i.e. 54 kDa, in which the N-terminal amino acid sequence was EGREGEQ-, indicating that the N-terminal domain of 63 kDa Ara h 1 had been removed. This new isoform was obtained from the run-through fraction of hydrophobic interaction chromatography while 63 kDa Ara h 1 was tightly bound to the hydrophobic resins, suggesting that the removal of the N-terminal domain resulted in extreme hydrophilic properties. We found that 63 kDa Ara h 1 occurs as higher order homo-oligomeric conformations such as decamer or nonamer, while 54 kDa Ara h 1 occurs exclusively as a homotrimer, indicating that the N-terminal domain of the 63 kDa molecule may be involved in higher order oligomerization. When antisera from peanut-allergic patients were treated with both the Ara h 1 molecules, the immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies in these sera reacted with each Ara h 1 molecule, suggesting that the C-terminal as well as the N-terminal domains of Ara h 1 contribute significantly to the epitope formations of this peanut glycoallergen. Furthermore, the glycoform analyses of N-glycans linked to 63 kDa and 54 kDa Ara h 1 subunits revealed that both typical high-mannose type and β-xylosylated type N-glycans are linked to the molecules. The cross-reactivity of IgE against Ara h 1 in the serum of one peanut allergy patient was completely lost by de-N-glycosylation, indicating the N-glycan of Ara h 1 was the sole epitope for the Ara h 1- specific IgE in the patient.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-76
Number of pages10
JournalGlycoconjugate Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021


  • Ara h 1
  • Glycoallergen
  • Immunogenic N-glycan
  • Peanut allergy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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