Qualitative analysis of adhesive interface nanoleakage using FE-SEM/EDS

Yang Yuan, Yasushi Shimada, Shizuko Ichinose, Junji Tagami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quality of short term sealing of current adhesives. Methods: Five adhesive systems were used and evaluated in this study; two kinds of two-step adhesives (Single Bond and Clearfil SE Bond) and three one-step adhesives (Clearfil S3 Bond, G Bond and One-Up Bond F-plus). Flat occlusal superficial dentin surfaces from extracted human third molars were finished with wet 600-grit silicon-carbide paper and bonded with one of the adhesives. After 24 h storage at 37 °C in water, the bonded assemblies were sectioned into approximately 1 mm thick slabs. Two central slabs from each tooth were chosen and immersed into 50% (w/v) solution of silver ammoniacal nitrate for 18 h and exposed to photodeveloping solution for 6 h. The specimens were then slightly polished, argon ion-etched. In order to examine the nanoleakage within the resin/dentin interface, penetration of silver was observed in a field emission (FE)-SEM using yttrium-aluminium-garnet (YAG) backscattered electron mode. EDS analysis was also carried out in parallel to identify the existence of metallic silver particles. Results: The penetration pattern of silver depended on the adhesive used, indicating different nanoleakage in different adhesive systems. Single Bond, One-Up Bond F-plus and G Bond showed clear silver uptake in both the adhesive and hybrid layer. Clearfil SE Bond showed less silver penetration and slight silver peak on the elemental energy spectroscopy of EDS. Clearfil S3 Bond did not display clear silver penetration under 2000× magnification by FE-SEM, and no existence of metallic silver of the Clearfil S3 Bond group by EDS, could be detected. Significance: The nanoleakage, as well as its location depends on the adhesives. Different nanoleakage expressions were revealed between two-step and one-step adhesives and also among one-step adhesives themselves.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)561-569
Number of pages9
JournalDental Materials
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Adhesive
  • Dentin
  • Nanoleakage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials


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