Quantification of patellar tendon reflex using portable mechanomyography and electromyography devices

Hironori Tsuji, Haruo Misawa, Tomoyuki Takigawa, Tomoko Tetsunaga, Kentarou Yamane, Yoshiaki Oda, Toshifumi Ozaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Deep tendon reflexes are one of the main components of the clinical nervous system examinations. These assessments are inexpensive and quick. However, evaluation can be subjective and qualitative. This study aimed to objectively evaluate hyperreflexia of the patellar tendon reflex using portable mechanomyography (MMG) and electromyography (EMG) devices. This study included 10 preoperative patients (20 legs) who had a pathology that could cause bilateral patellar tendon hyperreflexia and 12 healthy volunteers (24 legs) with no prior history of neurological disorders. We attached MMG/EMG sensors onto the quadriceps and tapped the patellar tendon with maximal and constant force. Our results showed a significantly high amplitude of the root mean square (RMS) and low frequency of the mean power frequency (MPF) in the rectus femoris, vastus medialis, and vastus lateralis muscles in both EMG and MMG with both maximal and constant force. Especially in the patients with cervical and thoracic myelopathy, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve for diagnosing hyperreflexia of the patellar tendon showed a moderate to very high area under the curve for all EMG–RMS, EMG–MPF, MMG–RMS, and MMG–MPF values. The use of EMG and MMG for objectively quantifying the patellar tendon reflex is simple and desirable for future clinical applications and could help diagnose neurological disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2284
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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