Quantitative measurement of 10cm3 LED mini-lidar for Mars rover

Tatsuo Shiina, Nofel Lagrosas, Hiroki Senshu, Naoto Otobe, George Hashimoto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


In this study, LED based mini-lidar to install into Mars rover has been developed. Its aim is to capture the dynamics of dust twister called "Dust Devil". For Mars rover installation, there are large restrictions of 10cm3optics size, 1kg weight, 1W power consumption, etc. We have developed its concept model, and conducted the demonstration experiment. The LED mini-lidar is equipped with a high speed photon counter, of which data sampling interval is 1ns, corresponding to a range bin of 0.15m, and a high repetition pulsed LED beam, of which repetition frequency is greater than 500kHz. Transmitting optical pulse power was <10nJ/10ns (= 1W). For summation time of greater than 0.2s, surface atmosphere activity in the order of seconds can be visualized with this high resolution. The dynamics measurement of an artificial twister was successfully conducted with this mini-lidar. In this report, the quantitative measurement method to distinguish dust samples in relation to Zirconia beads measurements is proposed. The relationship between the shaking off dust weight and its scattering cross section is obtained. The dust chamber experiment was conducted with several kinds of dust particles, too. These lidar echo results were compared with transmissometer, and they were well coincided due to the concentration change. The nature fog observation was conducted with this mini-lidar, too. The liquid water content was estimated under the consideration of the result of the quantitative measurement.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSPIE Future Sensing Technologies 2021
EditorsMasafumi Kimata, Joseph A. Shaw, Christopher R. Valenta
ISBN (Electronic)9781510646919
Publication statusPublished - 2021
EventSPIE Future Sensing Technologies 2021 - Virtual, Online, Japan
Duration: Nov 15 2021Nov 19 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


ConferenceSPIE Future Sensing Technologies 2021
CityVirtual, Online


  • Atmosphere
  • Dust
  • LED
  • Lidar
  • Mars
  • Measurement
  • Rover

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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