Recycling of plastic packaging waste in Bandung City, Indonesia

Mochammad Chaerul, Ahmad Reza Fahruroji, Takeshi Fujiwara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


Economic growth, changing consumption and production patterns are resulting in rapid increase in the generation of plastic wastes, including plastic packaging waste (PPW). A variety of PPW is identified in the municipal solid waste (MSW) stream. In this paper, quantity and composition of PPW at generators (residential and nonresidential sectors) and at the informal sector of waste recycling were measured, and accordingly the flow of PPW within Bandung City, Indonesia was analyzed. Though the generation rate per capita is not so high (25.1 g per day), total PPW generated by 2.3 million inhabitants in Bandung becomes 58.4 tonnes per day (3.76 % of total MSW generated). Due to lack of integrated MSW management, most of PPW is neither collected properly nor disposed of in appropriate manner by the municipality. Collection of valuable wastes including PPW is done predominantly by the informal sector without regard to health and safety. It is predicted that total PPW recycled by various informal waste recycling players like scavengers, junkmen, intermediates, and dealers is 27.5 tonnes per day (64.6 % of total PPW generated). Interviews regarding the existing handling methods and incentives preferred by generators to increase the recycling rate are also presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)509-518
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Material Cycles and Waste Management
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014


  • Composition
  • Generation
  • Informal sector
  • Plastic packaging waste
  • Recycling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Mechanics of Materials


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