Relationship of daily physical activity and fitness in elementary school children

Kensaku Sasayama, Kyota Okishima, Hidetugu Mizuuchi, Minoru Adachi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this study was to assess daily physical activity and time spent on activities of various intensities, and to examine the relationship between daily physical activity and physical fitness in elementary school children. Subjects were 288 elementary school children (140 boys, 148 girls, 9.6±0.5 years). Daily physical activity was evaluated by accelerometers, worn around the waist for 10 days. Accelerometers calculated steps and vigorous intensity time (LC7-9: higher intensity than brisk walking). A physical fitness test (8 items) was applied to evaluate fitness in pupils. Total accelerometer steps (counts/day) were 18333 ±3869 for boys and 13957 ±2970 for girls on weekdays, and 11932±4827 for boys and 9767±4542 for girls on weekends, respectively. Time spent in LC7-9 (minutes/day) was 31 ±12 for boys and 20±7 for girls on weekdays. Positive associations were found between physical fitness and daily physical activities for many items. Above all, there was a relatively strong correlation between aerobic capacity and LC7-9 time. On the other hand, the correlations were low among girls. For fourth graders, in order to reach a B rank score in the physical fitness test, it was suggested that the total steps and LC7-9 time required at least 17000 steps, 30 minutes in boys, and 13000 steps, 20 minutes in girls, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)295-304
Number of pages10
JournalJapanese Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Accelerometer
  • Elementary school students
  • Fitness
  • Physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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