Role of Tyrosine 114 of L-Methionine γ-lyase from Pseudomonas putida

Hiroyuki Inoue, Kenji Inagaki, Naoki Adachi, Takashi Tamura, Nobuyoshi Esaki, Kenji Soda, Hidehiko Tanaka

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47 Citations (Scopus)


L-Methionine γ-lyase from Pseudomonas putida has a conserved tyrosine residue (Tyr114) in the active site as in all known sequences of γ-family pyridoxal 5′-phosphate dependent enzymes. A mutant form of L-methionine γ-lyase in which Tyr114 was replaced by phenylalanine (Y114F) resulted in 910-fold decrease in kcat for α,γ-elimination of L-methionine, while the Km remained the same as the wild type enzyme. The Y114F mutant had the reduced kcat by only 28- and 16-fold for substrates with an electron-withdrawing group at the γ-position, namely O-acetyl-L-homoserine and L-methionine sulfone, respectively, and also the similar reduction of kcat for α,β-elimination and deamination substrates. The hydrogen exchange reactions of substrate and the spectral changes of the substrate-enzyme complex catalyzed by the mutant enzyme suggested that γ-elimination process for L-methionine is the rate-limiting determination step in α,γ-elimination overall reaction of the Y114F mutant. These results indicate that Tyr114 of L-methionine γ-lyase is important in γ-elimination of the substrate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2336-2343
Number of pages8
JournalBioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2000


  • General acid catalyst
  • L-methionine γ-lyase
  • Reaction mechanism
  • Site-directed mutagenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Organic Chemistry


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