Sacrificing the pulmonary arterial branch to the spared lobe is a risk factor of bronchopleural fistula in sleeve lobectomy after chemoradiotherapy

Shinichi Toyooka, Junichi Sou, Kazuhiko Shien, Seiichiro Sugimoto, Masaomi Yamane, Takahiro Oto, Hiroshi Date, Shinichiro Miyoshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: A sleeve lobectomy is a widely accepted procedure for enabling the pulmonary parenchyma to be spared. Induction chemoradiotherapy (CRT) followed by surgery is one treatment option for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but CRT is considered to have a negative effect on subsequent surgery, especially for anastomotic healing. In this study, we describe our experience performing sleeve lobectomies and the associated anastomotic complications after induction CRT. Methods: The medical records of NSCLC patients who underwent surgery after receiving CRT were reviewed. The relationships between anastomotic complications and clinicopathological factors were examined. Results: Between December 1998 and October 2011, a total of 104 patients received CRT followed by surgery. Among them, 14 NSCLC patients underwent a bronchial sleeve resection: nine patients underwent a right upper lobe resection, two patients underwent a left lingular division and lower lobe resection and one patient each underwent a right lower lobe, a right upper and middle lobe and a right middle and lower lobe resection. A bronchopleural fistula at the anastomosis occurred in two patients. A pulmonary arterial (PA) branch to the spared lobe had been sacrificed in both of these patients because of tumour involvement. In contrast, the PA branches to the spared lobes were preserved in 11 of the 12 patients who did not exhibit anastomotic complications (P = 0.033). Conclusions: Our experience strongly suggests that the sacrifice of the PA branch to the spared lobe is a possible risk factor for anastomotic complications for a sleeve lobectomy after induction CRT.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberezs323
Pages (from-to)568-572
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013


  • Bronchopleural fistula
  • Induction chemoradiotherapy
  • Lung cancer
  • Sleeve lobectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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