Satellite observations of daytime and nighttime ozone in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere

M. Kaufmann, O. A. Gusev, K. U. Grossmann, F. J. Martín-Torres, D. R. Marsh, A. A. Kutepov

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53 Citations (Scopus)


The global distribution of mesospheric and lower thermospheric ozone 9.6 μm infrared emissions was measured by the Cryogenic Infrared Spectrometers and Telescopes for the Atmosphere (CRISTA) experiment during two Space Shuttle missions in November 1994 and August 1997. The radiances measured by CRISTA have been inverted to O3 number densities in the 50-95 km range by using a nonlocal thermodynamic equilibrium model. A detailed sensitivity study of retrieved O3 number densities has been carried out. The ozone abundance profiles show volume mixing ratios of 1-2 ppmv at the stratopause, 0.5 ppmv or less around 80 km, and typically 1 ppmv during daytime and 10 ppmv during nighttime at the secondary maximum. The agreement with other experiments is typically better than 25%. The global distribution of upper mesospheric ozone shows significant latitudinal gradients and an enhancement in the equatorial upper mesosphere. At the polar night terminator a third ozone maximum is observed. Three-dimensional model results indicate that the latitudinal gradients are significantly influenced by solar tides.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)ACH 9-1 ACH 9-14
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - May 16 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Lower thermosphere
  • Mesosphere
  • Non-LTE
  • Ozone
  • ROSE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Aquatic Science
  • Soil Science
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics
  • Oceanography
  • Palaeontology
  • Ecology
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Atmospheric Science


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