Selective recruitment of CXCR3+ and CCR5+ CD4 + T cells into synovial tissue in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Mika Norii, Masahiro Yamamura, Mitsuhiro Iwahashi, Akiko Ueno, Jiro Yamana, Hirofumi Makino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


The inflamed synovial tissue (ST) of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterized by the selective accumulation of interferon γ-producing Th1-type CD4+ T cells. In this study, we investigated whether the predominance of Th1-type CD4+ cells in the ST lesion is mediated by their selective recruitment through Th1 cell-associated chemokine receptors CXCR3 and CCR5. The lymphocyte aggregates in the ST of RA contained a large number of CD4+ T cells, which mostly expressed both CXCR3 and CCR5, but not CCR4. In contrast, the frequencies of CD4+ and CD8 + T cells expressing CXCR3 and CCR5 in the blood were significantly decreased in RA patients, compared with healthy controls (HC), although there was no difference in the frequencies of CCR4-expressing CD4+ and CD8+ T cells between RA and HC. CXCR3, CCR5, and CCR4 expression in blood CD4+ T cells and CXCR3 expression in CD8+ T cells were increased after interleukin-15 (IL-15) stimulation. Therefore, the distribution of Th1-type CD4+ T cells into the ST from the blood in RA may be associated with the local expression of chemokines, both CXCR3 and CCR5 ligands, and IL-15 may play a role in enhancing these chemokine receptors on CD4+ T cell infiltrates. Copyright

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-157
Number of pages9
JournalActa medica Okayama
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2006


  • CCR5
  • CXCR3
  • Cd4 T cells
  • Interleukin-15
  • Rheumatoid arthritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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