Sensitivity of foetal magnetocardiograms versus gestation week

A. Kandori, T. Miyashita, K. Tsukada, H. Horigome, M. Asaka, S. Shigemitsu, M. I. Takahashi, Y. Terada, T. Mitsui

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21 Citations (Scopus)


Foetal magnetocardiograms (FMCGs) were measured using a nine-channel SQUID system equipped with first-order gradiometers (60 mm baseline, 20 mm diameter). The system was installed in a magnetically shielded room in a hospital. The white noise level was less than 10 fT/√Hz, and FMCGs above 1pT were detected. These results and the depth to the foetal heart were used to estimate the current dipole. The relationship between the current dipole (Q) and the gestation week (G) was calculated and the average performance was determined as Q = 18G -295. By using the estimated foetal current dipole, the measurement limit (average value) between depth and gestation weeks was determined. When the depth from the pickup coil to the foetal heart is 50, 60, 70 and 80 mm, the first detectable gestation weeks of FMCGs above 1pT measured by a first-order gradiometer with 60 mm baseline were determined at 21, 23, 26, and 30 weeks respectively, and the detectable gestation weeks in the case of a 30 mm baseline were determined at 22, 26, 30 and 36 weeks respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)545-548
Number of pages4
JournalMedical and Biological Engineering and Computing
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Dipole estimation
  • FMCG
  • Magnetocardiogram

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications


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