To identify the serum factors that affect circulating leptin levels, we measured the serum concentrations of leptin, testosterone (T), estradiol (E), serum alanine aminotransferase, total cholesterol and uric acid (UA) in healthy male adolescents (age, 18.3 ± 0.1 years, n=96). We also measured body mass index (BMI), percent body fat and thickness of skin fold to assess the effect of body constitution on serum leptin level. Since serum concentration of leptin significantly correlated with BMI (r=0.820, p<0.001), we analyzed the relationship between leptin/BMI ratio (L/BMI) and serum parameters. Analysis of data of subjects with normal serum T level showed a significant inverse correlation between L/BMI and serum T levels (n=96, r=-0.294, p<0.005), but no such correlation was present among non-obese subjects (n=70) with BMI of ± 20% of normal (22 kg/m2). There was no correlation between L/BMI and serum E level. Serum UA level significantly correlated with L/BMI in both the test group (n=96, r=0.520, p<0.001) and non-obese subjects (r=0.369, p<0.005). Stepwise multiple regression analysis showed that UA independently and significantly influenced serum leptin levels in both the test and control groups. Our results demonstrate that T weakly influences serum leptin concentration, and that UA concentrations strongly influences serum leptin in healthy male adolescents independent of their obesity level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-64
Number of pages10
JournalResearch Communications in Molecular Pathology and Pharmacology
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology


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