Size-classified droplet dynamics of combusting spray in 0.1 MW oil furnace

Nobuyuki Kawahara, Yuji Ikeda, Tsuyoshi Nakajima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of the present research is to investigate the aerodynamic characteristics of evaporating droplet near the burner where flame is hold by the recirculating flow and to characterize droplet aerodynamic response regarding follow or penetration and turbulent interaction with the surrounding air by classifing droplets. Aerodynamic characteristics of combusting spray were measured in a small industrial oil furnace by a phase Doppler anemometer. The size-classified technique was used together with the relative Reynolds number and the recombined two-dimensional size-classified droplet velocity. The results show that the two-dimensional behavior of a spray flame can be represented. The size-classified droplet technique can provide very useful information on droplet aerodynamics and dispersion. The follow/penetration characteristics of spray can be understood very well in consideration of the features of classified droplet in combustion condition. Larger droplets had a large mass and inertia, and thus could penetrate through the recirculation flow region. Consequently larger droplets form large luminous flame. On the other hand, smaller droplets were entrained by the turbulent air flow and played a role of flame-holder. In addition, the interaction between fuel droplets and air flow is a process that significantly affects flame-holding mechanism of spray flames.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)790-797
Number of pages8
JournalNihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B
Issue number630
Publication statusPublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Droplet behavior
  • Flame holding
  • Furnace
  • Oil burner
  • Spray combustion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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