SOD3 Expression in Tumor Stroma Provides the Tumor Vessel Maturity in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma

May Wathone Oo, Hotaka Kawai, Htoo Shwe Eain, Yamin Soe, Kiyofumi Takabatake, Sho Sanou, Qiusheng Shan, Yasunori Inada, Masae Fujii, Yoko Fukuhara, Ziyi Wang, Shintaro Sukegawa, Mitsuaki Ono, Keisuke Nakano, Hitoshi Nagatsuka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Tumor angiogenesis is one of the hallmarks of solid tumor development. The progressive tumor cells produce the angiogenic factors and promote tumor angiogenesis. However, how the tumor stromal cells influence tumor vascularization is still unclear. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) stromal cells on tumor vascularization. The tumor stromal cells were isolated from two OSCC patients with different subtypes: low invasive verrucous squamous carcinoma (VSCC) and highly invasive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and co-xenografted with the human OSCC cell line (HSC-2) on nude mice. In comparison, the CD34+ vessels in HSC-2+VSCC were larger than in HSC-2+SCC. Interestingly, the vessels in the HSC-2+VSCC expressed vascular endothelial cadherin (VE-cadherin), indicating well-formed vascularization. Our microarray data revealed that the expression of extracellular superoxide dismutase, SOD3 mRNA is higher in VSCC stromal cells than in SCC stromal cells. Moreover, we observed that SOD3 colocalized with VE-cadherin on endothelial cells of low invasive stroma xenograft. These data suggested that SOD3 expression in stromal cells may potentially regulate tumor vascularization in OSCC. Thus, our study suggests the potential interest in SOD3-related vascular integrity for a better OSCC therapeutic strategy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2729
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022


  • extracellular superoxide dismutase (SOD3)
  • oral squamous cell carcinoma
  • tumor microenvironment
  • tumor stroma
  • tumor vascularization
  • vascular endothelial cadherin (Ve-cadherin)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology


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