Sol-Gel Preparation of Silica-Based Nano-Fibers for Biomédical Applications

Song Chen, Hiroki Yoshihara, Nobutaka Hanagata, Yuki Shirosaki, Mark Blevins, Yuri Nakamura, Satoshi Hayakawa, Artemis Stamboulis, Akiyoshi Osaka

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Silica nanotube sponges and solid silica fiber mats were fabricated using a collagen and electrospun poly(vinylalcohol) as the templates via the sol-gel route. In vitro reassembled collagen fibrils were treated in the Stöber sol-gel precursor mixture of tetraethoxysilane (TEOS), ethanol, water, and ammonia to produce the silica-coated collagen fibrils. The electrospun PVA fiber mats were soaked in the Stöber type as well as acid-catalyzed silica oligomer sol from TEOS. Those were calcined to yield apparently silica nano- or micro-fibers, but transmission and scanning electron microscope observations showed that the Stöber sol treatment resulted in silica nano- or micro-fibers with hollow structure, or nanotubes (silica NTs), while the acid-catalyzed sol yielded solid fibrous mats.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCeramic Transactions
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781118751015
ISBN (Print)9781118751039
Publication statusPublished - Aug 23 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • General Materials Science


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