Specific heat of the β-pyrochlore oxide superconductors CsOs 2O6 and RbOs2O6

Zenji Hiroi, Shigeki Yonezawa, Takaki Muramatsu, Jun Ichi Yamaura, Yuji Muraoka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)


Two β-pyrochlore oxide superconductors, CsOs2O6 and RbOs2O6, are studied thermodynamically by measuring specific heat on polycrystalline samples. It is found that a Sommerfeld coefficient γ is nearly equal, 20 mJ/K2 mol Os, in the two oxides with different superconducting transition temperatures; Tc = 3.3 and 6.3 K, respectively. This suggests that the density of states at the Fermi level is not a crucial parameter to determine the Tc of the β-pyrochlore oxide superconductors, which is incompatible with the general expectation for a conventional BCS-type superconductor. Anomalous lattice contributions to specific heat at low temperature are also reported, which may come from nearly localized phonon modes associated with the rattling of the alkali metal ions weakly bound in an oversized cage formed by OsO6 octahedra.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1255-1262
Number of pages8
Journaljournal of the physical society of japan
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • CsOsO
  • Rattling phonon
  • RbOsO
  • Sommerfeld coefficient
  • Specific heat
  • Superconductivity
  • β-pyrochlore oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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