Standardization of free jejunum transfer after total pharyngolaryngoesophagectomy

Shunji Sarukawa, Minoru Sakuraba, Yoshihiro Kimata, Tsuneo Yasumura, Kiyotaka Uchiyama, Shigeyuki Hishinuma, Takashi Nakatsuka, Ryuichi Hayashi, Satoshi Ebihara, Kiyonori Harii

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVE: Our latest free jejunum transfer procedure was reviewed and compared with previous procedures to standardize the operation. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 269 patients who had undergone total pharyngolaryngoesophagectomy and free jejunum transfer from 1992 through 2004. The patients were divided into two groups: a late group, in which surgery was performed with our latest standard procedure from 2000 through 2004, and an early group, in which various procedures had been used from 1992 through 1999. Surgical times, postoperative progress, and complications were evaluated. RESULTS: The mean surgical time was shortened from 3 hours 25 minutes in the early group to 3 hours 9 minutes in the late group, and ischemic time was shortened from 2 hours 44 minutes to 2 hours 20 minutes. For recipient vessels, branches of the external carotid artery and the internal jugular vein were more often used in the late group. Length of hospitalization decreased from 31.7 days in the early group to 24.4 days in the late group, although the start of drinking was similar (15.4 days versus 12.1 days). The rates of complications were significantly reduced in the late group, particularly those associated with the enteric anastomosis such as minor leakage (18.2-5.2%) and stenosis (17.6-3.0%). CONCLUSION: Our latest method of free jejunum transfer reconstruction has become reliable and expeditious through simple and stable minor revisions of procedures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)976-981
Number of pages6
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2006


  • Free jejunum transfer
  • Head and neck reconstruction
  • Microsurgery
  • Surgical procedure
  • Total pharyngolaryngoesophagectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology


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