Steep posterior slope of the medial tibial plateau and anterior cruciate ligament degeneration contribute to medial meniscus posterior root tears in young patients

Yuya Kodama, Takayuki Furumatsu, Masanori Tamura, Yuki Okazaki, Takaaki Hiranaka, Yusuke Kamatsuki, Toshifumi Ozaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Medial meniscus posterior root tears (MMPRTs) occur most frequently in middle-aged and older adults. However, this serious condition can also occur in younger patients. The purpose of this study was to compare anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) degeneration and sagittal medial tibial slope in young adults with and without MMPRT. Methods: Eighteen healthy volunteers, 18 young patients (20–49 years of age), and 30 middle-aged and older patients (50–70 years of age) with MMPRT repair were included in the study. Sex, body mass index (BMI), femorotibial angle, ACL degeneration, and medial tibial slope angle were compared among the groups. ACL degeneration and medial tibial slope angle were assessed using magnetic resonance imaging. Results: In the healthy volunteer group, the young patient group, and the older patient group, the medial tibial slopes were 3.5° ± 1.4°, 6.1° ± 2.7°, and 7.2° ± 1.9°, respectively, and the ACL degeneration rates were 5.6%, 38.9%, and 43.3%, respectively. Young patients with MMPRT had significantly steeper medial tibial slopes and ACL degeneration compared to those of the healthy volunteers (P < 0.05). The parameters of young patients were similar to those of older patients with MMPRT. In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, BMI, medial tibial slope, and ACL degeneration were significantly associated with MMPRT in young patients. Conclusion: BMI, steep medial tibial slope, and ACL degeneration contribute to MMPRT development in younger patients. Level of evidence: Level III.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)279-285
Number of pages7
JournalKnee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

Keywords

  • Anterior cruciate ligament
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Medial meniscus posterior root tear
  • Medial tibial slope
  • Young patient

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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