Stress-Axis Regulated Exon (STREX) in the C terminus of BKCa channels is responsible for the stretch sensitivity

Keiji Naruse, Qiong Yao Tang, Masahiro Sokabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


We previously reported that SAKCA, a stretch-activated, large-conductance, calcium- and voltage-activated potassium (BKCa) channel is present in chick embryonic heart. Here, we cloned SAKCA and identified that Stress-Axis Regulated Exon (STREX) is responsible for the stretch sensitivity. Single patch-clamp recordings from CHO cells transfected with the cloned SAKCA showed stretch sensitivity, whereas deletion of the STREX insert diminished the stretch sensitivity of the channel. Sequence analysis revealed that the ERA 672-674 sequence of the STREX is indispensable for channel stretch sensitivity and single amino acid substitution from Ala674 to Thr674 completely eliminated the stretch sensitivity. Co-expression of chick STREX-EGFP and SAKCA in CHO cells, induced a strong GFP signal in the cell membrane and inhibited the stretch sensitivity significantly. These results suggest that SAKCA senses membrane tension through an interaction between STREX and submembranous components.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)634-639
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 7 2009


  • BK channel
  • Heart
  • Large-conductance K channel
  • SA channel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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