Structural analysis of free N-Glycans occurring in soybean seedlings and dry seeds

Yoshinobu Kimura, Erika Kitahara

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14 Citations (Scopus)


The structures of unconjugated or free N-glycans in stems of soybean seedlings and dry seeds have been identified. The free N-glycans were extracted from the stems of seedlings or defatted dry seeds. After desalting by two kinds of ion-exchange chromatography and a gel filtration, the free N-glycans were coupled with 2-aminopyridine. The resulting fluorescence-labeled (PA-) N-glycans were purified by gel filtration, Con A affinity chromatography, reverse-phase HPLC, and size-fractionation HPLC. The structures of the PA-sugar chains purified were analyzed by the combination of two-dimensional sugar chain mapping, jack bean α-mannosidase digestion, α-1,2-mannosidase digestions, partial acetolysis, and ESI-MS/MS. The free N-glycan structures found showed that two categories of free N-glycans occur in the stems of soybean seedlings. One is a high-mannose type structure having one GlcNAc residue at the reducing end (Man9˜5GlcNAc1, 93%), that would be derived by endo-GM (Kimura, Y. et al., Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1381, 27-36 (1998)). The other small component is a xylose-containing type one having two GlcNAc residues at the reducing end (Man3Xyl1GlcNAc2, 7%), which would be derived by PNGase-GM (Kimura, Y. and Ohno, A., Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem., 62, 412-418 (1998)). The detailed structural analysis of free glycans showed that high-mannose type free N-glycans (Man9-5GlcNAc1) in the soybean seedlings have a common core structural unit; Manα1- 6(Man1-3)Manα1-6(Manα1-3)Manβ1-4GlcNAc. Comparing the amount of free N-glycans in the seedling stems and dry seeds, the amount in the stems of seedlings was much higher than that in the dry seeds; approximately 700 pmol per one stem, 8 pmol in one dry seed. This fact suggested that free N-glycans in soybean seedlings could be produced by two kinds of N-glycan releasing enzymes during germination or seedling-development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1847-1855
Number of pages9
JournalBioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2000


  • End-β-N-acetylglucosaminidase
  • Free N-glycan
  • N-glycan metabolism
  • Pepetid:N-glycanase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Organic Chemistry


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