Study on the seasonal variation of surface sediment composition in estuaries

O. Kawara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of this study, as the first step toward clarifying the pollutant transport mechanism of sediments, is to clarify the characteristics of the seasonal changes of surface sediment composition in estuaries based on observation. Remarkable seasonal variations are found in the particle size distributions and the concentrations of the constituents of the surface sediments, though the patterns of the variations are different in each estuary observed. The seasonal variations of the concentrations show good correspondence to those of the particle size distributions. One cause of the seasonal variation is the variation of river discharges. When the sediment size in the Asahi River estuary, Okayama prefecture, became finer, the fresh water inflow to the estuary was about 2.5-3.5 times as much as ordinary water runoff (100-150m3/s) and the change was completed in about 10 days. On the other hand, the change to coarser sediment was completed in a day, by the inflow of over 400m3/s.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-132
Number of pages10
JournalWater Science and Technology
Issue number6-7
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology


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