Superior myocardial preservation with HTK solution over Celsior in rat hearts with prolonged cold ischemia

Sungsoo Lee, Chien Sheng Huang, Tomohiro Kawamura, Norihisa Shigemura, Donna B. Stolz, Timothy R. Billiar, James D. Luketich, Atsunori Nakao, Yoshiya Toyoda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Increasing allograft ischemic time is a significant risk factor for mortality following heart transplantation (HTx). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the protective effects of histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate (HTK) and Celsior (CEL) using a rat HTx model with prolonged cold storage. Methods: The hearts were excised from donor rats, stored in cold preservation solution for either 6 or 18 hours, and heterotopically transplanted into syngeneic recipients. Serum creatine phosphokinase (CPK), serum troponin I, graft-infiltrating cells, graft mRNA levels for inflammatory mediators, and tissue adenosine triphosphate (ATP) levels were analyzed, as markers of graft injury. Results: The recipients of grafts stored in HTK for 18 hours of prolonged cold ischemia had lower levels of serum CPK and tissue malondialdehyde, less upregulation of the mRNAs for IL-6 and inducible nitric oxide synthase, less apoptosis, and higher ATP levels than those receiving grafts stored in CEL and Saline. Cardiac contraction 3 hours after reperfusion was observed in 43% of the cardiac grafts stored in HTK for 18 hours, while no cardiac wall movement was seen in grafts stored in either saline or CEL. Conclusion: Cold storage in HTK exhibited superior protective effects against prolonged cold ischemia in a syngeneic rat transplantation model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)463-473
Number of pages11
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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