Surfactant-free solid dispersion of fat-soluble flavour in an amorphous sugar matrix

Tomo Satoh, Fumihiro Hidaka, Kento Miyake, Natsuki Yoshiyama, Koji Takeda, Tsutashi Matsuura, Hiroyuki Imanaka, Naoyuki Ishida, Koreyoshi Imamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


A solid dispersion technique to homogeneously disperse hydrophobic ingredients in a water-soluble solid without using surfactant was examined as follows: first, freeze-dried amorphous sugar was dissolved in an organic medium that contained a soluble model hydrophobic component. Second, the mixed solution of sugar and the model hydrophobic component was vacuum dried into a solid (solid dispersion). Methanol and six fat-soluble flavours, including cinnamaldehyde, were used as organic media and model hydrophobic components. The retention of flavours in the solid dispersion during drying and storage under vacuum was evaluated. The amorphised disaccharides dissolved in methanol up to 100 mg/mL, even temporarily (20 s to 10 days) and could be solidified without any evidence of crystallisation and segregation from flavour. The solid dispersion, prepared using α-maltose usually showed 65-95% flavour retention during drying (and storage for cinnamaldehyde), whereas ≥50% of the flavour was lost when the flavour was O/W emulsified with a surfactant and then freeze-dried with sugar.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1136-1142
Number of pages7
JournalFood Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - Apr 15 2016


  • Amorphous sugar
  • Cinnamaldehyde
  • Flavour retention
  • Solid dispersion
  • Surfactant-free

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Food Science


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