Background: In a phase I study, afatinib (30 mg/body daily) plus bevacizumab (15 mg/kg every 3 weeks) was well tolerated and showed favourable outcomes in patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutant advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. Herein, we report the 2-year progression-free survival, overall survival and safety profile of these patients. Methods: Chemo-naïve patients with EGFR-mutant advanced non-small-cell lung cancer were enrolled. One group of patients received 40 mg afatinib daily and 15 mg/kg bevacizumab every 3 weeks (level 0) until disease progression or severe toxicity. Another group of patients received 30 mg afatinib daily and the same dose of bevacizumab (level 1). Dose-limiting toxicity was the primary endpoint, whereas long-term progression-free survival, overall survival and tolerability were secondary endpoints. Survival rates were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: The study included 19 patients (level 0: 5; level - 1: 14). Until the data cut-off date, seven patients continued the treatment, whereas 12 discontinued due to disease progression (n = 5) or toxicity (n = 7). The median PFS was 24.2 months, while the median overall survival was not reached. All patients developed adverse effects. Diarrhoea and skin rash were frequently observed as severe adverse events (grade 3). A secondary EGFR mutation (T790M) was detected in two patients after progression. Conclusions: Prolonged follow-up revealed that combination therapy with afatinib and bevacizumab might improve survival outcomes in EGFR-mutant advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients and seems to be promising. Trial registration: UMIN000015944.
- non-small-cell lung cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cancer Research