The biological water-oxidizing complex at the nano-bio interface

Mohammad Mahdi Najafpour, Mohadeseh Zarei Ghobadi, Anthony W. Larkum, Jian Ren Shen, Suleyman Allakhverdiev

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


Photosynthesis is one of the most important processes on our planet, providing food and oxygen for the majority of living organisms on Earth. Over the past 30 years scientists have made great strides in understanding the central photosynthetic process of oxygenic photosynthesis, whereby water is used to provide the hydrogen and reducing equivalents vital to CO2 reduction and sugar formation. A recent crystal structure at 1.9-1.95Å has made possible an unparalleled map of the structure of photosystem II (PSII) and particularly the manganese-calcium (Mn-Ca) cluster, which is responsible for splitting water. Here we review how knowledge of the water-splitting site provides important criteria for the design of artificial Mn-based water-oxidizing catalysts, allowing the development of clean and sustainable solar energy technologies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1329
Pages (from-to)559-568
Number of pages10
JournalTrends in Plant Science
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 1 2015


  • Artificial photosynthesis
  • Nano-sized Mn-Ca oxido cluster
  • Photosynthesis
  • Water oxidation
  • Water-oxidizing complex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science


Dive into the research topics of 'The biological water-oxidizing complex at the nano-bio interface'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this