The development of a light-collecting probe with high spatial resolution applicable to randomly fluctuating combustion fields

Fumiteru Akamatsu, Takashi Wakabayashi, Shohji Tsushima, Masashi Katsuki, Yukio Mizutani, Yuji Ikeda, Nobuyuki Kawahara, Tsuyoshi Nakajima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

91 Citations (Scopus)


A high-luminosity-light-collection system for highly spatial detection of chemiluminescence of radical species in flames has been developed. The system, multi-colour integrated Cassegrain receiving optics (MICRO) is based upon a Cassegrain-type configuration, which implies that it employs only reflective components (in combination with an optical fibre for light collection). It provides therefore spherical-and chromatic-aberration-free detection, which is of importance for high-spatial-resolution measurements and for the simultaneous monitoring of signals in different wavelength regions from a given spatial volume. The effective light-collection volume has been estimated to be only 1.6 mm × 0.2 mm × 0.2 mm by ray-tracing techniques, which is more than three orders of magnitude smaller than that provided by a corresponding simple single-lens system and comparable to that of laser-based techniques, e.g. Doppler anemometry. The system is also easily aligned since the active probe volume can be visualized by sending in visible light through the system in the reverse direction. In order to demonstrate the performance of the system, OH-radical chemiluminescence in a Bunsen flame was monitored using MICRO and compared with the ion-current signal from a Langmuir probe with a minute sensor tip. A good correlation between the fluctuations in the two signals could be obtained, proving the high spatial and temporal resolution of the MICRO system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1240-1246
Number of pages7
JournalMeasurement Science and Technology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Cassegrain optics
  • Chemiluminescence
  • Combustion diagnostics
  • Combustion-reaction detection
  • Light-detection optics
  • Point measurement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Applied Mathematics


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