The fate of carbon in two-stage anaerobic digestion of vegetable waste

P. V. Dinh, T. Fujiwara, H. M. Giang, S. T. Pham Phu

    Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

    5 Citations (Scopus)


    This study aims to investigate the fate of carbon in two-stage anaerobic digestion (TAD) of vegetable waste. The TAD including a hydrolytic reactor and a methane reactor were controlled at mesophilic temperature (36 ± 1°C) with a retention time (RT) of 9 days and 20 days, respectively. Carbon tracking was conducted step by step throughout the system. Non-hydrolysable carbon accounted for a significant proportion of total initial carbon (25%). Meanwhile, a large amount of carbon in the feedstock (23.5%) was hydrolysed but remained in the effluent including water and suspended solids. It was mostly inorganic carbon which is not harmful to the environment. The only 41.3% initial carbon was converted to biogas in both reactors. In the hydrolytic reactor, biogas was mainly carbon dioxide (99%), accounted for 11.3% of total biogas and 35.8% of total CO2 product. In the methane reactor, biogas was 373.9 Nml/g-VS including 73.3% CH4, 21.9% CO2 and 4.8% others. Non-hydrolysable materials can be a source of thermal energy. Meanwhile, a large amount of hydrolysed carbon was not converted into biogas, was still in the effluent, it was a significant energy loss. Therefore, how to further increase the effectiveness of TAD is an issue that needs to study.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number012019
    JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2 2019
    Event2019 5th International Conference on Environment and Renewable Energy, ICERE 2019 - Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam
    Duration: Feb 25 2019Feb 28 2019

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General Environmental Science
    • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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