The microbiota catabolites of quercetin glycosides concertedly enhance the resistance against acetaldehyde-induced oxidative stress

Kexin Li, Hongyan Wu, Minori Kidawara, Yun Lin, Ayano Satoh, Gongliang Zhang, Shintaro Munemasa, Yoshiyuki Murata, Toshiyuki Nakamura, Yoshimasa Nakamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


3,4-Dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and 3-hydroxyphenylacetic acid (OPAC) are the predominant catabolites of quercetin glycosides, such as quercetin 4′-O-β-glucoside from the onion, produced by intestinal microbiota. Although each catabolite has been reported to protect the cells from acetaldehyde-induced cytotoxicity, the effect of their combination remains to be clarified. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the combination of DOPAC and OPAC enhances the resistance against the acetaldehyde-induced oxidative stress in the cultured hepatocytes. The pretreatment of the combination of DOPAC (5 μM) and OPAC (5 μM) showed significant protection against the acetaldehyde- and hydrogen peroxide-induced cytotoxicity, even though each compound at the same concentration did not. This combination also significantly inhibited the intracellular dichlorofluorescin diacetate-detectable reactive oxygen species (ROS) level, whereas the solo treatment did slightly, suggesting that reducing mechanisms of ROS or compounds that enhance ROS production are involved in the cytoprotective effect. The combinatory treatment significantly enhanced the gene expression of not only the aldehyde dehydrogenases (ALDHs), but also glutamate-cysteine ligase, catalytic subunit, the first rate-limiting enzyme of glutathione (GSH) synthesis. Accordingly, both the intracellular GSH level and the total ALDH activity were enhanced by DOPAC plus OPAC. Involvement of GSH in the cytoprotection as well as ALDH up-regulation by the combination was confirmed by the experiments using a GSH biosynthesis inhibitor, buthionine sulfoximine. Taken together, the present results suggested that the quercetin microbiota catabolites concertedly protect the cells from acetaldehyde through a pre-enhanced resistance against oxidative stress by the GSH-dependent up-regulation of ALDHs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)607-616
Number of pages10
JournalFree Radical Research
Issue number9-10
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • 3,4-Dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC)
  • 3-hydroxyphenylacetic acid (OPAC)
  • acetaldehyde
  • aldehyde dehydrogenase
  • glutathione

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry


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