The multidimensional property of the self and self-reference effect

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


It has been proposed that self-referent memory of verbal materials requires multidimensional processing that corresponds to the person's cognitive structure of the self (Horiuchi, 1996). In this study, two experiments were conducted to investigate the hypothesis that self-reference effect was due to information processing that was deeper and broader in self-referent than in semantic or other-referent memory. In Experiment 1, recall under self-reference condition was better than semantic condition. However, six-dimension processing condition, with extroversion, emotional stability, etc., was not significantly better than the self-reference condition. In Experiment 2, with mother as the other, other-referent memory was as good as that under three-dimension processing condition, using such dimensions of others as social desirability. However, recall under these conditions was inferior to that under self-reference condition. These results suggest that the self-reference effect is due to the multidimensional property of self cognition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)484-490
Number of pages7
JournalShinrigaku Kenkyu
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Multidimensional processing
  • Self cognition
  • Self-reference effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


Dive into the research topics of 'The multidimensional property of the self and self-reference effect'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this