The primary importance of the research question: Implications for understanding natural versus controlled direct effects

Ian Shrier, Etsuji Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1041-1046
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Epidemiology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2022


  • Causal diagrams
  • causal inference
  • cross-world assumption
  • direct effects
  • mediation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

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