Background: Transtibial pullout repair yields beneficial clinical outcomes in patients with medial meniscus (MM) posterior root tear. However, the relationship between repaired meniscal root healing status and postoperative clinical outcomes remains unclear. We aimed to evaluate changes in articular cartilage damage and clinical scores after pullout repair using two simple stitches (TSS). Methods: Thirty-three patients who underwent pullout repair using TSS were assessed. Healing status was assessed by a semi-quantitative second-look arthroscopic scoring system comprising three evaluation criteria (width of bridging tissues, stability of the repaired root, and synovial coverage), 1 year postoperatively. MM medial extrusion (MMME) and cartilage damage were assessed preoperatively and 1 year postoperatively. The medial compartment was divided into 8 zones (A-H) for comparison of preoperative and 1-year postoperative cartilage damage. Clinical outcomes were evaluated using the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome score, Lysholm score, International Knee Documentation Committee scores, and visual analogue scale pain score. Results: Although cartilage damage did not aggravate significantly in most medial compartment areas, MMME progressed at 1 year postoperatively. No statistical differences were observed in cartilage damage between the central-to-medial area of the medial femoral condyle and the medial tibial plateau area at 1 year postoperatively. Regarding semi-quantitative healing scores, the stability score was significantly correlated with the International Cartilage Repair Society grade at 1 year postoperatively. All 1-year and 2-year clinical scores significantly improved compared with the preoperative scores. Conclusion: Regarding TSS repair, stability of repaired meniscal root negatively correlated with cartilage damage in the medial compartment loading area. All 1-year and 2-year clinical scores significantly improved than those of the preoperative scores. Achieving MM stability is crucial for suppressing cartilage degeneration. Level of evidence: IV case series study.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine