The valence state analysis of Ti in FeTiO3 by soft X-ray spectroscopy

Sei Fukushima, Takashi Kimura, Kenji Nishida, Vlaicu A. Mihai, Hideki Yoshikawa, Masahiro Kimura, Tatsuo Fujii, Hirofumi Oohashi, Yoshiaki Ito, Michiru Yamashita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


The measurement of soft X-ray spectra, Ti Kα1,2, Lα1,2 and O Kα, of Ti in several titanium oxide compounds was carried out by FE-WD-EPMA (wavelength dispersive - electron probe micro-analyzer with field emission type electron gun) and HRXRF (high-resolution X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy). From the results of measurements, it was found that the valence state of Ti in FeTiO3 (ilmenite) was at least partially TiIII, might be the mixed state of TiIV and TiIII. And, Ti in MgTiO3 (ilmenite system) was confirmed as TiIV. From the discussion, it can be presumed that the effective charge of the oxygen should be not-uniform and should be different subtlety by the cationic difference, Fe or Mg, even if it had equal crystal structure of the ilmenite system, and that this subtlety difference gave any effects on the valence state of Ti.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-145
Number of pages5
JournalMicrochimica Acta
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Sept 1 2006


  • High-resolution X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy
  • Ilmenite
  • Valence state analysis
  • Valence state of Ti
  • WD-EPMA with field emission type electron gun

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'The valence state analysis of Ti in FeTiO3 by soft X-ray spectroscopy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this