Thermally-stable graphene metamaterial absorber with excellent tunability for high-performance refractive index sensing in the terahertz band

Xuemei Du, Fengping Yan, Wei Wang, Luna Zhang, Zhuoya Bai, Hong Zhou, Yafei Hou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Graphene plasmons have attracted great interest for constructing high-performance functional metamaterial devices, among which graphene-based narrowband metamaterial absorbers are valuable in numerous applications. In this paper, a graphene-dielectric-metal hybrid structure is proposed to achieve dual-band excellent absorption and high-performance refractive index sensing. Numerical simulations show that the designed structure exhibits a high Q factor of 277.8 at 1.945 THz, which is higher than most previously-reported results. The sensitivity of the proposed structure can be up to 1.84 THz/RIU when the analyte thickness is 80 μm, and it exhibits promise for sensing thin-film biomolecule and thick biologic tissues. The electromagnetic field distributions show that the electromagnetic energy is highly confined in the structure at the higher order plasmon resonance, which plays an important role in achieving the excellent characteristics of the proposed structure. The tunability of the proposed structure is realized via changing the gate voltage applied to the graphene and the angles of the incident THz wave. In addition, we reveal that the proposed structure can be switched between single-band, dual-band, and 3-band absorption by tuning the incident angle under TM and TE polarization. Further results demonstrate that the proposed device possesses good thermal stability, polarization insensitivity, and outstanding fabrication tolerance. We believe that the proposed dual-band narrowband absorber can serve as a good example for other devices based on plasmons, such as selective sensors, modulators, and optical detectors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107409
JournalOptics and Laser Technology
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021


  • Graphene metamaterial
  • Narrowband absorber
  • Plasmon resonance
  • Refractive index sensing
  • Tunability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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