Trends in Long COVID Symptoms in Japanese Teenage Patients

Yasue Sakurada, Yuki Otsuka, Kazuki Tokumasu, Naruhiko Sunada, Hiroyuki Honda, Yasuhiro Nakano, Yui Matsuda, Toru Hasegawa, Kanako Ochi, Hideharu Hagiya, Keigo Ueda, Hitomi Kataoka, Fumio Otsuka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Since the start of the global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), not only adults but also many children have suffered from it. However, the clinical characteristics of long COVID in children remain unclear. Methods: In this retrospective observational study conducted in a single facility, we reviewed the medical records of all long COVID patients who visited Okayama University Hospital from February 2021 to October 2022, and we compared the clinical characteristics of long COVID in teenagers (11 to 18 years of age) with those in adults. Results: Data for 452 long COVID patients including 54 teenagers (11.9%) were analyzed. Fatigue was the most frequent symptom in teenagers (55.6% of the patients) and also in adults. On the other hand, the percentage of teenagers who complained of headache, which was the second most frequent complaint, was significantly higher than the percentage of adults (35.2% vs. 21.9%, p < 0.05). A comparison of the frequencies of symptoms depending on the viral variant showed that fatigue and headache were predominant symptoms in the Omicron variant phase. Of the 50 teenagers who were enrolled in schools, 28 (56.0%) could not attend school due to long COVID symptoms. The most common symptoms as reasons for absence from school were fatigue (85.7% of the patients), headache (42.9%), and insomnia (32.1%). Conclusions: Attention should be paid to the symptoms of fatigue and headache in teenagers with long COVID.

Original languageEnglish
Article number261
JournalMedicina (Lithuania)
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023


  • Delta variant
  • Omicron variant
  • post-COVID-19 condition
  • schoolchildren
  • teenagers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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