Tris(2-ethylhexyl)phosphine oxide as an effective solvent mediator for constructing a serotonin-selective membrane electrode

Keisuke Ueda, Rei Yonemoto, Keiko Komagoe, Kazufumi Masuda, Nobumitsu Hanioka, Shizuo Narimatsu, Takashi Katsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


A series of solvent mediators containing a phosphoryl (P{double bond, long}O) group, such as tris(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate, bis(2-ethylhexyl) 2-ethylhexylphosphonate, 2-ethylhexyl bis(2-ethylhexyl)phosphinate, and tris(2-ethylhexyl)phosphine oxide, were used to construct serotonin-selective membrane electrodes. We found that replacing the alkoxy groups attached to phosphorus atoms in P{double bond, long}O groups with alkyl groups strengthened the response of the electrode to serotonin, suppressing remarkably interference from inorganic cations, such as Na+. Thus, an electrode combining tris(2-ethylhexyl)phosphine oxide with an ion-exchanger, sodium tetrakis[3,5-bis(2-methoxyhexafluoro-2-propyl)phenyl]borate, gave a detection limit of 9 × 10-6 M with a slope of 55.2 mV per concentration decade in physiological saline containing 150 mM NaCl and 10 mM NaH2PO4/Na2HPO4 (pH 7.4). This is the best detection limit of any serotonin-selective electrode developed to date. The selectivity of this electrode for serotonin was over 103 times that for inorganic cations, such as Na+ and K+, and lipophilic quaternary ammonium ions, such as acetylcholine and (C2H5)4N+. Using the electrode, we measured the amount of serotonin released from platelets and found that the results agreed well with those obtained by a conventional fluorimetric assay of serotonin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-41
Number of pages6
JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Apr 13 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Ion-selective electrode
  • Platelet
  • Potentiometry
  • Serotonin determination
  • Solvent mediator
  • Tris(2-ethylhexyl)phosphine oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy


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