Tunneling spectroscopy of the superconducting gap in MgB2

Toshikazu Ekino, Tomoaki Takasaki, Takahiro Muranaka, Jun Akimitsu, Hironobu Fujii

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


The tunneling technique with a break junction has been applied to investigate the multiple superconducting gaps in MgB2. The observed gap features can be explained by combining inherent and induced order parameters. The largest gap of Δ = 9-10 meV corresponds to a very strong-coupling ratio 2Δ/kBTc = 5-6. Upon warming, this gap decreases in accordance with the BCS dependence, while the smaller gaps reduce faster than that but persist up to Tc. Therefore, the smallest gap of Δ = 2-2.5 meV gives 2Δ/kBTc = 1.2-1.5. The magnetic field can distinguish the behavior of the gap. The extrapolated highest gap-closing field for the largest gap agrees with the upper-critical field, thereby indicating that this gap is predominant to MgB2.

Original languageEnglish
Article number094504
Pages (from-to)945041-945046
Number of pages6
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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