Two-stage sintering of dense superconducting YBa2Cu4O8 ceramics

Motohide Matsuda, Yoshihisa Ogawa, Kimihiro Yamashita, Takao Umegaki, Michihiro Miyake

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Dense YBa2Cu4O8 (124) ceramics were prepared by the following two-stage sintering: compressed 124 powders were heated to 1203 K for decomposition to YBa2Cu3O7-x (123) and CuO, and then cooled down to 1073 K and annealed for the re-formation of 124 single phase. The relative densities thus obtained were 93-95%, as high as those prepared under high oxygen pressure. The densification was considered to take place due to the liquid phase. In the sintered 124, the island-like fine grains of CuO were observed within the 123 matrix. As a result, it was considered that the re-formation of 124 proceeded in each grain. The geometrical phase distribution in the grains is discussed on the basis of superconducting properties from resistivity measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1205-1209
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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