UCP1 expression in the mouse adrenal gland is not upregulated by thermogenic conditions

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4 Citations (Scopus)


The uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) gene is known to be highly expressed in brown adipose tissue (BAT) that functions in thermogenesis. It has been shown that UCP1 mRNA is localized to the mouse adrenal gland, but its significance remains elusive. To explore how UCP1 expression in the adrenal gland is regulated, we generated a reporter knock-in mouse in which the GFP gene was inserted into the UCP1 locus using CRISPR-Cas9 system. Firstly, we confirmed by Western blot analysis UCP1-driven GFP protein expression in interscapular BAT of the knock-in mice kept at 4 °C. Immunohistochemistry showed that GFP protein was detected in the adrenal gland of the knock-in mice. More intense GFP expression was observed in the adrenal medulla than in the cortex of the reporter mice irrespectively of cold exposure. Immunohistochemistry using anti-UCP1 antibody, as well as Western blot analysis verified UCP1 protein expression in the wild-type adrenal medulla. These results suggest that the mouse adrenal gland is a novel organ expressing UCP1 protein and its expression is not upregulated by cold exposure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-189
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Publication statusPublished - Aug 20 2021


  • Adrenal gland
  • CRISPR-Cas9
  • Reporter mouse
  • UCP1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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