Ultrathin Bismuth Film on Higherature Cuprate Superconductor Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+Î as a Candidate of a Topological Superconductor

Natsumi Shimamura, Katsuaki Sugawara, Sukrit Sucharitakul, Seigo Souma, Katsuya Iwaya, Kosuke Nakayama, Chi Xuan Trang, Kunihiko Yamauchi, Tamio Oguchi, Kazutaka Kudo, Takashi Noji, Yoji Koike, Takashi Takahashi, Tetsuo Hanaguri, Takafumi Sato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


One of the key challenges in condensed-matter physics is to establish a topological superconductor that hosts exotic Majorana fermions. Although various heterostructures consisting of conventional BCS (Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer) superconductors as well as doped topological insulators were intensively investigated, no conclusive evidence for Majorana fermions has been provided. This is mainly because of their very low superconducting transition temperatures (Tc) and small superconducting-gap magnitude. Here, we report a possible realization of topological superconductivity at very high temperatures in a hybrid of Bi(110) ultrathin film and copper oxide superconductor Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ (Bi2212). Using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy and scanning tunneling microscopy, we found that three-bilayer-thick Bi(110) on Bi2212 exhibits a proximity-effect-induced s-wave energy gap as large as 7.5 meV which persists up to Tc of Bi2212 (85 K). The small Fermi energy and strong spin-orbit coupling of Bi(110), together with the large pairing gap and high Tc, make this system a prime candidate for exploring stable Majorana fermions at very high temperatures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10977-10983
Number of pages7
JournalACS Nano
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 27 2018


  • electronic structure
  • higherature superconductor
  • proximity effect
  • spin-orbit coupling
  • topology
  • ultrathin film

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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