Underwater endoscopic mucosal resection for superficial nonampullary duodenal adenomas

Yasushi Yamasaki, Noriya Uedo, Yoji Takeuchi, Koji Higashino, Noboru Hanaoka, Tomofumi Akasaka, Minoru Kato, Kenta Hamada, Yusuke Tonai, Noriko Matsuura, Takashi Kanesaka, Masamichi Arao, Sho Suzuki, Taro Iwatsubo, Satoki Shichijo, Hiroko Nakahira, Ryu Ishihara, Hiroyasu Iishi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

78 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM: Underwater endoscopic mucosal resection (UEMR) was recently developed in a Western country. A prospective cohort study to investigate the effectiveness of UEMR was conducted in patients with small superficial nonampullary duodenal adenomas.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with duodenal adenomas ≤ 20 mm were enrolled. After the duodenal lumen had been filled with physiological saline, UEMR was performed without submucosal injection. Endoclip closure was attempted for all mucosal defects after UEMR. Follow-up endoscopy with biopsy was performed 3 months later. The primary end point was the complete resection rate, defined as neither endoscopic nor histological residue of adenoma at the follow-up endoscopy.

RESULTS: 30 patients with 31 lesions were enrolled. The mean (SD) tumor size was 12.0 mm (7.3). The complete resection rate was 97 % (90 % confidence interval, 87 % - 99 %). The en bloc resection rate was 87 %. All mucosal defects were successfully closed by endoclips. No adverse events occurred except for one case of mild aspiration pneumonia.

CONCLUSIONS: UEMR is efficacious for the treatment of small duodenal adenomas, but further large-scale trials are warranted to confirm these results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)154-158
Number of pages5
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Adenoma/diagnosis
  • Biopsy
  • Duodenal Neoplasms/diagnosis
  • Duodenoscopy/methods
  • Endoscopic Mucosal Resection/methods
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Intestinal Mucosa/pathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome


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